Yemen- one of the most gruesome, inhumane as well as overlooked conflicts of the 21st century. The people of yemen are trapped in the middle of a disastrous humanitarian crisis created due to the incessant conflict in the country. Yemen has become ground zero for the proxy war between Saudi Arabia and Iran, it has been torn apart by these foreign actors as well as regional factions like the Houthi rebels and the Southern Transitional Council. Yemen has begun to witness what UN experts now call the worst humanitarian crisis in a century. Instead of diving into how yemen got where they are today i want to explain exactly what’s going on in Yemen today.
The Saudi led coalition, which is backed by The United States embarked on an aerial campaign to conduct “targeted” strikes against the Houthi rebels who are funded by Iran (allegedly) and control the capital of Yemen, however in doing so the Saudi coalition has committed innumerable war crimes and artificially created the Humanitarian crisis in Yemen today. The 2nd Additional Protocol to the Geneva Convention established certain provisions for regulating armed conflicts[LOAC].
The Saudi coalition violated Article 13(Protection of civilians), Article 9(Protection of Medical Personnel), Article 11(Protection of Medical units like hospitals) and i would like to draw special emphasis on Article 14 which prohibits starvation of civilians as a method of combat, such that objects indispensable to the survival of the civilian population, must not be attacked, destroyed or rendered useless as well as Article 18, which mandates relief action for civilian populations suffering as a result of a lack of essential supplies,- This has been blatantly ignored and violated by the Saudi Coalition through their Air and Naval blockade placed around Yemen which restricts the much needed humanitarian aid to Yemen and has hence created the famine we see today in Yemen.
The United States in itself is not lacking in its own shares of War Crimes. Saudi Arabia is the largest buyer of Arms from the United States with an average of 32 Billion USD per year, hence as per ICJ case SCSL-03-1-T the United States is equally accountable for the war crimes taking place in Yemen and is complicit for the same. Furthermore, in the 32 Billion$ of arms sold to Saudi Arabia also includes the lethal and more importantly, outlawed cluster bombs, Article 1 of the Convention on Cluster Munitions 2008, says that the use, development, production, stockpiling, retaining and transfer of cluster bombs is prohibited. Furthermore, assisting, encouraging or inducing anyone to do any of the aforementioned activities is also prohibited. You can add that as well to the list of international treaties violated.
Due to the ignorant and irresponsible actions of these countries, 3.6 Yemenis have fled their homes, 9.58 million Yemeni children do not have sufficient access to safe water, sanitation, or hygiene , 7.8 million children are not able to access education, the overall number of malnourished children under the age of five could increase to a total of 2.4 million- a rise of around 20 per cent.
These nations cannot be allowed to further operate with complete impunity.
“The rights of every man are diminished when the rights of one man are threatened.” -John F. Kennedy